New help may be on the way for people with dementia with Lewy bodies, which is the second most common neurodegenerative type of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease.
by Alzheimer's Reading Room
The disease can cause movement problems and issues such as hallucinations in addition to thinking and memory problems.
But the drug used to treat the movement problems can also exacerbate the hallucinations, delusions and other psychiatric problems.
Lewy Body Dementia is not a rare disease. It affects an estimated 1.4 million individuals and their families in the United States. Because LBD symptoms can closely resemble other more commonly known diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, it is currently widely underdiagnosed. Many doctors or other medical professionals still are not familiar with LBD.
What is Lewy Body Dementia?
Lewy body dementia (LBD) is a progressive brain disorder in which Lewy bodies (abnormal deposits of a protein called alpha-synuclein) build up in areas of the brain that regulate behavior, cognition, and movement.
A complex disease, LBD can present with a range of symptoms including problems with thinking, memory, moving, sleep and/or changes in behavior, to name a few of the physical, cognitive, and behavioral symptoms.
LBD also affects autonomic body functions, such as blood pressure control, temperature regulation, and bladder and bowel function. Progressively debilitating, LBD can also cause people to experience visual hallucinations or act out their dreams.
What is the Difference Between LBD and Dementia with Lewy Bodies?
LBD is an umbrella term for two closely related clinical diagnoses: Parkinson’s disease dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB).
Drug May Help Those with Dementia with Lewy Bodies
May Reduce Movement Symptoms Without Worsening Psychiatric Symptoms
In a new study published in the January 24, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, researchers may have found some help from an old drug.
- They found that a drug used to treat seizures may effectively treat the movement symptoms in people with dementia with Lewy bodies without causing additional psychiatric symptoms when combined with the Parkinson’s drug levodopa.
- like stiffness,
- and shuffling of feet.
Because it has many symptoms in common with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, it can be difficult to diagnose and treat.
- A drug commonly used to treat movement symptoms in Parkinson’s, levodopa, may worsen psychiatric symptoms in those with dementia with Lewy bodies, especially when higher doses are given as the effects of levodopa start to wane.
“We found that adding zonisamide to the current dose of levodopa was safe and improved movement symptoms in those with dementia with Lewy bodies without magnifying hallucinations, delusions or agitation,” said study author Miho Murata, MD, PhD, of the National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry in Tokyo, Japan.For the study, researchers followed 158 people diagnosed with early dementia with Lewy bodies who had been living with the disease for an average of one-and-a-half years.
Participants were given either placebo, 25 milligrams of zonisamide daily or 50 milligrams of zonisamide daily.
This was in addition to already taking other medications for the disease. Their movement symptoms were measured as were their thinking abilities, behavior and psychological symptoms.
At the beginning of the study, the participants had an average score of 32 on the movement test, on a scale of zero to 108.
- Researchers found that after 12 weeks, those taking 50 milligrams a day of zonisamide in conjunction with levodopa had improved more than four points on the movement scale compared to those who took a placebo.
- Researchers found no worsening of the psychological symptoms.
“There is an urgent need for new treatments for dementia with Lewy bodies,” said Linda A. Hershey, MD, PhD, of the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center in Oklahoma City, Okla., and Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology, who authored an editorial on this study. “The successful execution of this trial is a major accomplishment, which provides evidence that future trials are warranted.”One limitation of the study was the small number of participants. More studies are needed to investigate the effectiveness of zonisamide in larger populations.
What is the Difference Between Alzheimer’s and Dementia
9 Types of Dementia
Test Your Memory for Dementia in 15 Minutes (SAGE)
How the Loss of Memory Works in Alzheimer’s, and How Understanding This Could Help You
Help with Dementia Care
Why Do People Living with Alzheimer's Want to Go Home?
How to Understand the Difference Between Dementia and Alzheimer's
Search the Alzheimer's Reading Room Knowledge Base for Answers to Your Questions, and Solutions to Problems
The Alzheimer's Reading Room contains more than 5,000 articles and has been published daily since July, 2009.
You are reading original content the Alzheimer's Reading Room
The study was supported by Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma Co., Ltd, the maker of zonisamide.
To learn more about dementia, visit www.aan.com/patients.
The American Academy of Neurology is the world’s largest association of neurologists and neuroscience professionals, with over 34,000 members.